7. Shell Command Line Interface¶
The FlatCAM Shell is under development and its behavior might change in the future. This includes available commands and their syntax.
The FlatCAM Shell provides a command line interface to FlatCAM’s functionalies and to the TCL language. It serves the following purposes:
- An alternative to the GUI for issuing commands and visualizing data output.
- Scripting interface for automating large sequences of commands.
- A mechanism for the user to implement new functionality.
- A mechanism to provide detailed information to the user.
- Keep a record of commands and responses.
7.1. Calling a Shell script on startup¶
A file containing Shell commands (Shell Command Reference) can be executed when starting FlatCAM from the command line:
python FlatCAM.py --shellfile=/path/to/file
7.2. The Shell Window¶
The FlatCAM Shell window is shown at startup when FlatCAM loads. It can be closed and re-opened at any time without loss of data by clicking on the close button on the top right edge of the window and selecting Tool→Command Line from the main menu respectively.
It is divided into 2 sections, an output section on the top and an input section on the bottom. A record of previously issued commands is shown in the output section along with their results and other information that FlatCAM might provide. Distinction between types of data in the output section is done by color coding.
To issue a command, type it in the input section and hit Enter. If the command consists of multiple lines, use Shift-Enter to insert a new line without issuing the command.
7.3. Shell Language¶
The Shell uses the TCL language. TCL provides the simples posible syntax and requires no learning at all for isuing the basic FlatCAM commands. Nonetheless, TCL is a powerfull language that enables the users to create their own complex functionality if desired.
Issuing a command is as simple as typing its name and hitting the Enter key. For example:
This the same as clicking on File→New in the main window menu.
If a command requires additional information, it is given immediately after the command name and a space. For example, to open the gerber file mygerber.gbr:
Sometimes a command will have optional parameters, this is, if you provide it it will use it, otherwise it will use some default value. For example:
isolate mygerber.gbr -tooldia 0.04
This would create isolation routing geometry for the mygerber.gbr gerber object with a tool diameter of 0.04 inches (or mm, depending on the project settings). Otherwise, if you run:
The same action will be performed but the tool diameter will be taken from the default value set for that object (If it is a new object, its default values will be set from the project options.)
For complete reference of FlatCAM Shell commands, see Shell Command Reference.